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Seminar with French experts on “Regulations and status-quo on decentralization of state management in Vietnam at present”

In the morning of 25 September, 2018, a seminar was held by the Institute for State Organizational Sciences (ISOS) with the experts from French Embassy in Vietnam on the topic "Regulations and status-quo on decentralization of state management in Vietnam at present" at the Headquarter of the Ministry of the Home Affairs.

In the seminar, Madam Mezin Laurence, Institutional Counselor of the French Embassy headed the French Delegation. From the ISOS side, there came Dr. Tran Van Ngoi, ISOS Director General, ISOS Deputies of Director General, directors of subordinate divisions of ISOS and a large number of researchers. Dr Tran Van Ngoi, chaired the Seminar.

In his opening speech, Dr Ngoi appreciated the good cooperation between the ISOS and French Embassy in Vietnam in the recent years. Concurrently, he mentioned the important role of decentralization of state management in the context of public administrative reform, and requirements are required to enhance the effectiveness and effectiveness in state management, the quality and efficiency of public service delivery. Decentralization is a method to empower local governments, and meanwhile transfer financial and human resources to ensure the exercise of authority between administrative levels.

Madam Mezin Laurence thanked the ISOS for organizing the seminar and appreciated the mutual cooperation in exchanging scientific research activities. From the French side, she was ready to cooperate and share the French experiences to enhance the research efficiency of ISOS. Decentralization is not only one focal issue among the other administrative issues but also a key factor in the relationship between Central government and local governments from the whole systematical point of view. Decentralization is one content of public administrative reform in France towards a system of which its performance efficiency is maximized. Madam Mezin Laurence, in her introduction in brief of legislation on decentralization policy in France, said that, France is the country with deconcentrated public administration system, the Government leads the Central public administrative activities while the localities run their public administration in a self-governing mode under the provisions stipulated in Constitution, Law on Local government and other specialized laws. In 1982, Law on Local Government was promulgated in France. Accordingly, strong decentralization and delegation of powers have been strongly implemented in France. Nevertheless, it is not only decentralization policy put deconcentration policy has been applied. And decentralization in France is a radical decentralization, in which tasks are assiged together with authority, finance and personnel to local authorities in lumpsum, so that, local administrations are fully motivated to execute their tasks within their own jurisdiction. Despite quite a lot similarities in the decentralization of both France and Vietnam in the sense that more and more powers are being delegated to local administrations, there existed peculiarities in the view and manner of practicing decentralization in each country.

At the Seminar, ISOS researchers also introduced to French experts the regulations and status-quo of decentralization in state management between the Central and local government levels in Vietnam. The major legal framework for decentralization are formulated in various legal documents including the PAR Master Program 2001-2010, Resolution No.08/2004/NQ-CP on further promoting the decentralization of state management between the Government and the centrally directed controlled cities and provinces, which is now replaced by the Resolution No. 21/NQ-CP by the Government in 2016 on the decentralization of state management between the Government and the People's Committees of centrally directed controlled cities and provinces. In general, the reforms are aimed at defining the kinds of tasks to which decisions are fully made by local decision-making,  and the kinds of tasks that the localities have to subject to the decisions of the Central government. In the period of 2016-2020, the focal contents of decentralization in state management include State budget management; execution of rights and perform the obligations of the State owner over State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) and the State capital invested in the enterprise; investment management; managing public officials, cadres, civil servants and public employees; land management. In addition to the results achieved, there are still issues to be resolved to ensure good implementation of decentralization policy in Vietnam, i.e., the appropriateness of the decentralization of state management implemented over the time; the decentralization direction should continue in the "top down" direction or more considerations from the aspects of feasibility and local typical features should be integrated; the matter of administrative uniformity in the process of decentralization; the assurrance of both proactivity and creativity of localities and the natural common interest during the decentralization process. More information about the decentralized implementation and specific mechanisms in some big cities of Vietnam such as Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi capital and Da Nang city have been shared by the ISOS experts in the Seminar.

In his conclusion remarks, Dr Ngoi highly appreciated the valuable results of the Seminar shared by both experts from French Embassy and ISOS researchers. Dr Ngoi showed his gratitude to the French Delegation of the French Embassy and wish for further better cooperation between the French Embassy and ISOS regarding scientific research studies and exchanges in the coming time./.

Several photos at the Seminar:





News and photos by Quynh Giang